transparent - you can see through the material clearly because it transmits most light (e.g. a pair of glasses)
translucent - you can see through the material, but it's blurry because the light rays change angles as they go through the material (e.g. a bathroom window)
opaque - you can't see through the material because it absorbs the light (e.g. a book)
To practice our classification skills, Ms. Birdsall divided us into partners and gave us of a bag of objects to identify as transparent, translucent or opaque. The most surprising was the emergency blanket. From a distance it looks opaque (kind of like aluminum foil), but when you look through it up close it's actually translucent!